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What is Tor Browser?
Tor Browser 8 is free software and an open network that helps you defend against traffic analysis, a form of network surveillance that threatens personal freedom and privacy, and state security. The idea behind the project is to develop a browser that makes the user Internet activities anonymous.
Before connecting to a website Tor Browser is hiding the user location by connecting to other network users around the world. When using the browser you are as much as possible anonymous in Internet leaving a small amount of traces.
Tor can also connect to onion network, that makes you completely anonymous and untraceable for other users. Tor Browser contains a modified Firefox ESR, Torbutton, TorLauncher, NoScript, and HTTPS-Everywhere.
The Browser 8 offers all necessary functions to use and browse websites and apps available on the Internet. Tor Browser offers such functions as fast render engine for browsing Web, integrated download manager, favorites system manager, show history module, automatic synchronization tabs between the session on other browsers version etc.
Tor offers also support for Firefox extensions. You can downlaod The Browser for Windows.
In Tor, every new domain is opened in own circuit. The first relay in your circuit is called a guard. It is a fast and stable relay that remains the first one in your circuit for 2-3 months in order to protect against a known anonymity-breaking attack.
The rest of your circuit changes with every new website you visit, and all together these relays provide the full privacy protections from Tor network.
What is a .onion domain?
Onion services allow people to browse and publish anonymously websites. You can access them from domain .onion (instead of .com, .net, etc.) and are only through the Tor Browser. When accessing a website that works on onion service, Tor Browser will show at the URL bar an icon of a little green onion.
Change IP address
Tor offers two features to change your relay circuit. New Identity and New Tor Circuit for this Site.
Both options are located in the Menu, but you can also access the New Circuit option inside the site information menu, in the URL bar.
Tor New Identity option will prevent your subsequent browser activity from being linkable to what you were doing before. Selecting it will close all your tabs and windows, clear cookies and browsing history, and use new Tor circuits for all connections.
New Tor Circuit for this Site
This option is useful if the exit relay you are using is unable to connect to the website you require, or is not loading it properly. Selecting it will cause the currently-active tab or window to be reloaded over a new Tor circuit.
New Tor Circuit for this Site will not clear private information or unlink your activity, nor does it affect your current connections to other websites.
Flash technology is by default disabled in Tor Browser. It’s recommended to not enable it for security reasons. Flash is a very insecure software that can easily compromise your privacy or serve you malware. Most of modern webpages don’t use Flash any more.
Tor Browser is packed by default with HTTPS Everywhere extension. This technology encrypts your communications with many major websites, making your browsing more secure. HTTPS Everywhere fixes it using clever technology to rewrite requests to sites using HTTPS protocol.
Update Tor Browser
You can update Tor as soon as a new version is released. Tor will prompt you to update the software once a new version has been released. The Torbutton icon (the little onion in the top left corner of the browser) will display a yellow triangle.
How to uninstall Tor Browser?
The default location on Windows is the Desktop. To uninstall Tor Browser, delete the tor-browser_en-US folder from your desktop. On Mac it should be available in the Applications folder and on Linux, there is no default location. Simply remove the folder to trash.
Tor Browser Alternative
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